Deep Space Images

Galaxies

M31 Spiral galaxy in Andromeda

Date: 9/20/2017
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 84x4min (5hr 36min total) at ISO 800, acquired using BackyardEOS, stacked using DeepSkyStacker and processed using PixInsight
About: M31 (The Andromeda Galaxy) at magnitude 3.5 is visible to the naked eye on a clear moonless night from a dark location. At a distance of 2.9 million light years it is the most distant object easily visible to the naked eye. M31 has two bright companion galaxies M32 and M110.


Date: 9/25/2014
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 112x120sec (3hr 42min total) at ISO 1600, stacked using DeepSkyStacker

M31 Spiral galaxy in Andromeda

Date: 8/22/2011
Camera: Canon EOS-20D (modified)
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 157x2min (5hr 14min total) at ISO 800, stacked using DeepSkyStacker

M31

Date: 8/8/2011
Camera: Canon EOS-20D (modified)
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 80x2min (2hr 56min total) at ISO 800, stacked using DeepSkyStacker

M31

Date:10/29/2008

M33 Spiral galaxy in Triangulum

Date: 11/3/2016
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i (modified)
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 71x300 sec (5hr 55min total) at ISO 800
Captured using Backyard EOS
Stacked using DeepSkyStacker
Processed in DeepSkyStacker and Gimp
About: M33 (Triangulum Galaxy) at magnitude 5.7 is 3 million light years away and is part of the local group of galaxies.

M33

Date: 8/30/2013
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 84x3min (4hr 10min total) at ISO 1600

M33

Date: 8/28/2011
Camera: Canon EOS-20D modified
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 112x3min (5hr 36min total)
About: M33 (Triangulum Galaxy) at magnitude 5.7 is 3 million light years away and is part of the local group of galaxies.

M33

Date: 10/7/2010
Camera: Canon EOS-20D
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor
Exposure: 227x30sec at ISO 3200, stacked using Deep Sky Stacker

M33 Spiral galaxy in Triangulum


Date: 11/19/2006
Camera: Canon EOS-10D
Exposure: 29 30 second exposures at ISO 1600 stacked using Registax
Location: Cherry Grove, MN

M51 Spiral galaxy in Canes Venatici

Date: 1/2/2011
Camera: Canon EOS-20D (modified)
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor
Exposure: 63x3min exposures (total of 3hr 9min) at ISO 800, stacked using Deep Sky Stacker
About: M51 (The Whirlpool Galaxy) is about 30 million light years away

M74 Spiral galaxy in Pisces



Date: 10/15/2014
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i (modified)
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 86x3min (4hr 18min total) at ISO 1600, stacked using Deep Sky Stacker
About: At about 35 million light years away M74 is very faint and spans about 10 arc minutes

M74

Date: 11/01/2010
Camera: Canon EOS-20D
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor
Exposure: 129x2min exposures at ISO 1600, stacked using Deep Sky Stacker


M81 and M82 Spiral and Irregular galaxies in Ursa Major

Date: 11/26/2016
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 83x300sec (6hr 55min total) at ISO 800
About: M81/82 are my favorite galaxies to look at. At magnitude 6.9 and 8.4 they are at a distance of about 11 million light years away. They are visible in the same telescope field but are at diffent angles which gives them an interesting almost 3D perspective

M81 and M82

Date: 01/04/2013
Camera: Canon EOS-20D Modified
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 171x2min (5hr 42min total), stacked using Deep Sky Stacker


M81 and M82

Date: 10/09/2010
Camera: Canon EOS-20D
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor
Exposure: 201x30sec at ISO 3200 stacked using Deep Sky Stacker

M81 and M82 Spiral and Irregular galaxies in Ursa Major

Date: 11/19/2006


M81 and M82 with chart

Date: 04/22/2003
Film: Fuji Superia Color 400
Lens: 135mm set at f/3.5
Exposure:One 10 minute and one 3 minute combined
Notes: The line running accross the lower left is a satellite.

M81 and M82

Date: 06/06/2005
Camera: Canon EOS-10D
ISO: 1600
Exposure: 5x30sec, 3x60sec, 2x120sec stacked using Registax
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor


NGC 678, 680, 694, 697 and others Galaxies in Aries.

Date: 11/6/2016
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 74x300 sec (6hr 10min total) at ISO 800
Captured using Backyard EOS
Stacked using DeepSkyStacker
Processed in DeepSkyStacker, PixInsight


NGC 891 Spiral galaxy in Andromeda

Date: 11/20/2014
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i (modified)
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 124x2min at ISO 1600 (4hr 8 min total)
About: NGC 891 lies about 30 million light-years away and spans 14 arcminutes across the constellation Andromeda. It is an edge-on galaxy with a prominent dust lane that runs across the length of it from our vantage point. Also visible in this image are a few distant background galaxies, including NGC 898 near the bottom center of the image.

NGC 6946 Spiral galaxy in Cepheus & Cygnus


Date: 10/21/2014
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i (modified)
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 126x3min (6hr 18min total) at ISO 1600, stacked using Deep Sky Stacker
About: NGC6946 lies about 22.5 million light years away and spans roughly 11.5'x9.8' across the constellations of Cepheus and Cygnus. This galaxy lies very close to the plane of the milky way and so when you see this galaxy you are looking through an unusually thick area of our own galaxy (the milky way).

NGC 5866


M96


M101 Spiral galaxy in Ursa Major

Date: 1/9/2011
Camera: Canon EOS-20D modified
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor
Mount: Orion Atlas EQ-G
Exposure: 77x3min (3hr 51min total) at ISO 800
About: M101 is a very large galaxy. At about 27 million light years away M101 has an angular diameter of 40 arcminutes (larger than that of the moon!).

Nebula

The Crab Nebula (M1) Supernova remnant in Taurus

Date: 10/2/2011
Camera: Canon EOS-20D modified
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor
Exposure: 99x2min (3hr 18min total)

The Cocoon Nebula (IC 5146) Reflection and emission nebula in Cygnus

Date: 9/27/2017
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 40x300sec (3 hr 20min total) at ISO 800
Autoguiding: Orion Starshoot autoguider with small 50mm guide scope Captured using BackyardEOS, stacked using DeepSkyStacker, processed with PixInsight


Date: 10/1/2011
Camera: Canon EOS-20D modified
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor
Exposure: 96x2min (3hr 12min total)

The Heart Nebula (IC 1805)

Date: 9/29/2017
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 35x5min (2hr 55min total) at ISO 800

The Pacman Nebula (NGC 281) Emission nebula in Cassiopeia

Date: 9/5/2011
Camera: Canon EOS-20D modified
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor
Exposure: 160x2min (5hr 20min total) at ISO 800
About: NGC 281 lies about 9,500 light years away in the constellation Cassiopeia.

Crescent Nebula (NGC 6888) Emission nebula in Cygnus

Date: 9/4/2011
Camera: Canon EOS-20D modified
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 74x2min at ISO 800 (2hr 28min total)
About: The Crescent Nebula lies about 5000 light years away in the constellation Cygnus.

California Nebula (NGC 1499) Emission nebula in Perseus

Date: 12/02/2010
Camera: Canon EOS-20D modified
Focal Length: 154mm
Exposure: 50x2min exposures at f/5.6 ISO 800
About: The California Nebula is very large and very faint. It has an angular diameter of about 2.5 degrees with an apparent visual magnitude of 6.0. The California Nebula lies about 1000 light years away in the constellation Perseus.

California Nebula (NGC 1499) with M45

Date: 12/09/2010
Camera: Canon EOS-20D modified
Focal Length: 55mm
Exposure: 23x2min exposures at f/5.6 ISO 800

Rosette Nebula (NGC 2244)

Date: 1/8/2011
Camera: Canon EOS-20D modified
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor
Exposure: 198x90sec (4 hr 57min total)

NGC7000 North America Nebula, emission nebula in Cygnus

Date: 09/15/2014
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i modified
Lens: Tamron 28-300 set to 200mm
Exposure: 30x2min (37min 22s total) (cut off by dew)

NGC7000 North America Nebula, emission nebula in Cygnus

Date: 10/03/2010
Camera: Canon EOS-20D
Lens: Tamron 28-300 set to about 200mm
Exposure: 72x2min at ISO 3200 f/5.6, stacked using Deep Sky Stacker
About: NGC7000 is both very large and very faint. At around 2200 light light years away it has an angular diameter of 120 arcminutes (many times larger than that of the moon)

IC1396 Elephant's Trunk Nebula, emission nebula in Cepheus

Date: 10/6/2010
Camera: Canon EOS-20D
Lens: 28-300mm Tamron set to 119mm
Exposure: 91x2min at ISO 3200 f/5.6, stacked using Deep Sky Stacker

Bubble Nebula (NGC 7635) Planetary nebula in cassiopeia

Date: 8/25/2011
Camera: Canon EOS-20D modified
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (orion)
Exposure: 150x2min (5hr total) at ISO 800, stacked using DeepSkyStacker
About: The bubble nebula lies about 11,000 light years away in the constellation Cassiopeia

Orion with meteor


Date: 12/28/2010
Camera: Canon EOS-20D modified
Focal length: 28mm at f/5.6
ISO: 800
Exposure (first image): Single 3 min exposure
Exposure (second image): 31x3min exposures stacked using DeepSkyStacker, processed levels using Gimp and gradient removal using Iris

Orion Wide Field

Click here to see large image with chart
Date:11/19/2003
Film Kodak Elitechrome 200
Lens: 28mm set at f/5.6
Exposure: About 30 minutes
Location: Cherry Grove, MN (Cherry Grove is an observing site owned by the Minnesota Astronomical Society)
Notes: Scanned from slide with HP PhotoSmart S20 scanner



Orion

Date: 11/19/2003
Film Kodak Elitechrome 200
Lens: 135mm set at f/5.6
Exposure: About 30 minutes
Location: Cherry Grove, MN (Cherry Grove is an observing site owned by the Minnesota Astronomical Society)
Notes: Scanned from slide with HP PhotoSmart S20 scanner

Orion

Date: 10/3/2010
Camera: Canon EOS-20D
Lens: Tamron 28-300 set to about 200mm at f/5.6
Exposure: 43x2min exposures at ISO 3200 stacked using DeepSkyStacker
Processing: Initial processing in DSS, levels in Gimp and then removed gradient using Iris (polynomial fit)


NGC 2024 and IC 434 Flame and Horse Head nebula in Orion

Date: 01/09/2013
Camera: Canon EOS-20D Modified
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Focal length: 770mm
Exposure: 73x3min (3hr 39min total)

NGC 2024 and IC 434 Flame and Horse Head nebula in Orion

Date: 1/4/2011
Camera: Canon EOS-20D Modified
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor
Focal length: 600mm
Exposure: 143x90sec (3 hr 34 min)


Orion Nebula

Date: 12/22/2012
Camera: Canon EOS-20D Modified
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 405x30sec exposures at ISO 800, stacked using DeepSkyStacker
Orion Nebula

Date: 10/8/2010
Camera: Canon EOS-20D
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor
Exposure: 84x30sec exposures at ISO 3200


Orion Nebula


Date: 01/26/2005
Camera: Canon EOS-10D
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor

M8 and M20 Wide field

Date: 08-20-2004
Film: Kodak Elitechrome 200
Lens: 135mm
Exposure: 27 minutes
Location: Cherry Grove, MN

M8 and M20

Date: 06/28/2011
Camera: Canon EOS-20D modified
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor
Exposure: 113x2min at ISO 800 (3 hr 35 min total)

M8 and M20

Date: 08-06-2005
Camera: Canon EOS-10D
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor (Orion Astroview 120ST)
Exposure: one 88 second, one 161 second, three 299 second, all ISO 1600
Location: Cherry Grove, MN - Star party

M16 The Eagle Nebula, emission nebula in Serpens

Date: 7-30-2011
Camera: Canon EOS-20D modified
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 94x2min (3hr 8min total) at ISO 800, stacked using Deep Sky Stacker
About: The Eagle Nebula contains pillars of gas which are often associated with star formation. The Eagle Nebula lies about 6,500 light years away in the constellation Serpens.


Date: 08-14-2005
Camera: Canon EOS-10D
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor (Orion Astroview 120ST)
Exposure: 33 30 sec ISO 1600, 25 30sec ISO 800
Location: Cherry Grove, MN


M20

Date: 06-28-2016
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 30x5min (2hr 30min total) at ISO 800
About:


M27

Date: 09-21-2014
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 60x120sec (2hr total) at ISO 1600

M27

Date: 08-14-2005
Camera: Canon EOS-10D
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor (Orion Astroview 120ST)
Exposure: 34 30sec ISO 800, 22 30sec ISO 400, 29 15sec ISO 1600 stacked using Registax
Location: Faribault, MN

M57

Date: 08-21-2005
Camera: Canon EOS-10D
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor (Orion Astroview 120ST)
Exposure:
Location: Faribault, MN

Veil Nebula part (NGC6992)

Date:09/02/2013
Camera:Canon Rebel T4i modified
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 39x3min (1hr 56min total) at ISO 1600

Veil Nebula

Date:10/4/2010
Camera: Canon EOS-20D
Lens: Tamron 28-300 set to about 200mm and f/5.6
Exposure: 121x2min at ISO 3200

Veil Nebula Wide field

Date:09/03/2004
Film: Kodak Elitechrome 200
Lens: 135mm set at f/4
Exposure: 20 minutes
Location: Cherry Grove, MN
Notes: Scanned from slide with HP PhotoSmart S20 scanner

SH2-101 (The Tulip Nebula) Nebula in Cygnus

Date: 6/20/2017
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 18x5min (1hr 30min total) at ISO 800

NGC 7380 (The Wizard Nebula)

Date: 6/26/2017
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 50x300sec (4hr 10min total) at ISO 800


Star Clusters

M3 Globular Cluster


Date: 07/11/2005
Camera: Canon EOS-10D
Exposure: 3x30 second at ISO 1600
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor (prime focus)
About: M3 is a Globular Cluster about 33,900 light years away in the constellation Canes Venatici. Globular clusters are found around the halos of galaxys instead of along the galactic plane where most stars reside.


M13 Globular Cluster (The Great Hercules Globular Cluster)

Date: 5/31/2017
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i
Telescope: 110mm f/7.0 ED refractor
Exposure: 24x5min (2hr total) at ISO 800




Date: 07/30/2005
Camera: Canon EOS-10D
Exposure: 30 30sec ISO1600, 23 30sec ISO400
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor (prime focus)
About: M13 is about 25,000 light years away. If that seems far, look closely at the full size image. See that little smudge to the upper right of the cluster? That's a galaxy roughly 120,000,000 light years away!

M35 and NGC 2158 Open Cluster in Gemini

Date: 11/29/2008
Camera: Canon EOS-10D
Exposure: 50 30sec ISO 1600 stacked using Registax
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor (prime focus)


M45 Open Cluster in Taurus

Date:11/05/2010
Camera: Canon EOS-20D
Exposure: 225x1min ISO 1600
Telescope: 120mm f/5 refractor

NGC 6871 Open Cluster in Cygnus

Date: 6/20/2017
Camera: Canon Rebel T4i
Telescope: 110mm f/7 ED refractor (Orion)
Exposure: 20x5min (1hr 4min total) at ISO 800
About: Was imaging SH 2-101 (Tulip Nebula), something happened to move the scope mid-way and I incidently captured this star field



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